INDONESIAN JOURNAL OF HEALTH SCIENCES RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT (IJHSRD) https://ijhsrd.com/index.php/ijhsrd <p>Indonesian journal of health sciences research and development is a double blind peer reviewed international journal. The frequency is monthly from 2019. It deals with all aspects of health sciences including Community Medicine, Public Health, Epidemiology, Occupational Health, Environmental Hazards, Clinical Research, and Public Health Laws, pharmacology biotechnology, health instruments, nursing, clinical psychology and covers all medical specialties concerned with research and development for the masses. The journal strongly encourages reports of research carried out within Indonesian continent and South East Asia.</p> STIKes Mandala Waluya Kendari en-US INDONESIAN JOURNAL OF HEALTH SCIENCES RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT (IJHSRD) 2715-4718 <p><strong>Copyright Rights &amp; Permissions Guide</strong></p> <p><strong>Reproducing Published Material from other Publishers</strong></p> <p>It is absolutely essential that authors obtain permission to reproduce any published material (figures, schemes, tables or any extract of a text) which does not fall into the public domain, or for which they do not hold the copyright. Permission should be requested by the authors from the copyright holder (usually the Publisher, please refer to the imprint of the individual publications to identify the copyright holder).</p> <p>Permission&nbsp;<strong>is required</strong>&nbsp;for:</p> <ol> <li>Your own works published by other Publishers and for which you did not retain copyright.</li> <li>Substantial extracts from anyones’ works or a series of works.</li> <li>Use of Tables, Graphs, Charts, Schemes and Artworks if they are unaltered or slightly modified.</li> <li>Photographs for which you do not hold copyright.</li> </ol> <p>Permission&nbsp;<strong>is not required</strong>&nbsp;for:</p> <ol> <li>Reconstruction of your&nbsp;<em>own</em>&nbsp;table with data already published elsewhere. Please notice that in this case you must cite the source of the data in the form of either “Data from…” or “Adapted from…”.</li> <li>Reasonably short quotes are considered&nbsp;<em>fair use</em>&nbsp;and therefore do not require permission.</li> <li>Graphs, Charts, Schemes and Artworks that are completely redrawn by the authors and significantly changed beyond recognition do not require permission.</li> </ol> <p><strong>Obtaining Permission</strong></p> <p>In order to avoid unnecessary delays in the publication process, you should start obtaining permissions as early as possible. If in any doubt about the copyright, apply for permission. JNH cannot publish material from other publications without permission.</p> <p>The copyright holder may give you instructions on the form of acknowledgement to be followed; otherwise follow the style: “Reproduced with permission from [author], [book/journal title]; published by [publisher], [year].’ at the end of the caption of the Table, Figure or Scheme.</p> <p>Every mansucript should be accompanied by "Copyright Transfer Agreement" prior to the article publication</p> The Relationship between Perception and Community Willingness in COVID-19 Vaccination in the Working Area in the Nambo Health Center, Kendari City https://ijhsrd.com/index.php/ijhsrd/article/view/131 <p><strong>Objectives:</strong> The implementation of vaccination is followed by the issuance of various vaccination policies to optimize the achievement of vaccination targets at the national, provincial, and district or city levels. At Nambo Health Center, the number of vaccinations on March 30, 2022, has been recorded as many as 586 people, or 78.13% of the total 1st, 2nd, and 3rd vaccinations. This shows that vaccination achievements are still far from the vaccination target.</p> <p><strong>Methods:</strong> As many as 750 people, this condition is due to controversy in the community regarding vaccinations, both related to safety, side effects, and the halalness of vaccines, as well as misinformation obtained by the public, resulting in negative perceptions of the COVID-19 vaccine, which makes them hesitant when they are vaccinated against COVID-19. This type of research is descriptive analytic with a cross-sectional study design. The population in this study was 8,327 people, with a total sample of 99 people using the Cluster Random Sampling technique. Data was analyzed using the chi-square test.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> The results of the study found that there was a relationship between perception and public willingness to vaccinate against COVID-19 in the working area of the Nambo Health Center, X2 value = 8.523.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion :</strong> There is a fairly strong relationship between family support and vaccine availability and there is a weak relationship between public perception and vaccine availability in the working area of the Nambo Health Center. It is hoped that health workers in the working area of the Nambo Health Center Will continue to explain to the public that it is important to follow the COVID-19 vaccination. The dose of COVID-19 vaccination has been properly regulated to form an immune system for every community.</p> Noviati Noviati Toto Surianto S La Djabo Buton Ahmad Mudatsir Copyright (c) 2022 INDONESIAN JOURNAL OF HEALTH SCIENCES RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT (IJHSRD) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2022-12-26 2022-12-26 4 2 49 56 10.36566/ijhsrd/Vol4.Iss2/131 Factors Associated With Utilization Of Adolescent-Friendly Health Services In Sunsari District Of Nepal https://ijhsrd.com/index.php/ijhsrd/article/view/129 <p><strong>Objectives</strong>: Adolescent friendly health services are the tailored health services for adolescents in a friendly environment where adolescents can easily and comfortably access and enjoy sexual and reproductive health services. Utilization of such services helps to address sexual and reproductive health problems faced by adolescents and the status of adolescent sexual and reproductive health (SRH) in Nepal is alarming. However, limited studies have been conducted on utilization of Adolescent Friendly Health Services and its associated factors among school adolescents. Thus, this study was carried out to assess the factors associated with utilization of adolescent friendly health services in Sunsari district of Nepal.</p> <p><strong>Methods:</strong> This study was a descriptive, cross-sectional study carried out among 502 secondary school adolescents of grade 9 and 10 studying either in public or private schools of Inaruwa Municipality Sunsari District, Nepal. Single stage cluster sampling was followed in this study. Data was collected through administration of pre-tested semi-structured questionnaire during the period of January to March, 2022.</p> <p><strong>Results : </strong>Regarding socio-demographic characteristics, majority of the participants were female (56.2%) compared to male (43.8%). Mean age of the participants was 15 years with standard deviation of 1.359 years and most (92.8%) of them followed Hinduism. More than half of the participants (54.0%) belonged to Madhesi ethnicity and most (61.0%) of them were from nuclear family. Likewise, majority (90.6%) of the adolescents were unmarried whereas 5.6 % were in relationship. More than three-fourth of the participants (79.5%) were staying with their parents. Most participants (53.2%) reported having very close relationship with their family. Similarly, majority (70.9%) of the adolescents had not seen the logo of adolescent friendly health services but three fourth (75.5%) of them had heard about adolescent friendly health services. Only 38.5% of participants were known about the availability of adolescent friendly health institution in their locality and more than three fourth (79.9%) of participants said that the time required to reach health facility was less than 30 minutes. Less than one fourth (24.1%) of the participants had felt needs for sexual and reproductive health services. The utilization of adolescent friendly health services among adolescents was low i.e., 14.5% (CI: 0.115-0.176) and more than half (54.8%) of them had used counselling services. Regards of preference, 44.4% of the participants stated that they preferred private health facilities and most of them (79.3%) preferred the health facility nearby their residence.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> Based on the findings of the study, different intervention programs could be conducted to increase the awareness about adolescent friendly health services among adolescents which may increase its utilization.</p> Usha Panta Copyright (c) 2022 INDONESIAN JOURNAL OF HEALTH SCIENCES RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT (IJHSRD) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2022-12-26 2022-12-26 4 2 12 37 10.36566/ijhsrd/Vol4.Iss2/129 The The Influence Of Training On Increasing Farmers' Knowledge In Healthy Agriculture Based On Agricultural And Health Education In Lebojaya Village, Konda District https://ijhsrd.com/index.php/ijhsrd/article/view/134 <p><strong>Objectives:</strong> This study aims to analyze the effect of training using lecture and practice methods with power point presentation media and leaflets on farmers' knowledge in healthy agro-tourism based on agricultural and health education in Lebojaya Village, Konda District, Southeast Sulawesi.</p> <p><strong>Methods</strong>: This study used a quantitative method with a quasi-experimental approach with a one group pretest-posttest design. A total of 16 farmers were trained using lecture and practice methods and power point presentation media and leaflets. Data analysis used the Wilcoxon sign rank test. Training material on balanced nutrition and nutritional content and the benefits of corn and carrots for body health.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> The results of this study indicate that there is an increase in farmers' knowledge about balanced nutrition and nutritional content and the benefits of corn and carrots for health. After the training, almost all of the participants' knowledge increased. Where participants who scored above 70 after the training increased by 25%, from 62.5% to 87.5%. The test results showed that there was a significant difference between farmers' knowledge before and after training (p=0.006 &lt;0.05).</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> Nutrition science training using lecture and practice methods, as well as the use of media power point presentations and leaflets have a significant effect on increasing farmers' knowledge in healthy agro-tourism locations based on agricultural and health education in Lebojaya Village, Konda District. Due to the combination of lecture media and practice as well as the use of media, participants gain knowledge through various senses namely the senses of hearing, seeing and experiencing.</p> Tasnim Tasnim Jastria Pusmarani Ari Tjahyadi Rafiuddin Copyright (c) 2022 INDONESIAN JOURNAL OF HEALTH SCIENCES RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT (IJHSRD) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2022-12-26 2022-12-26 4 2 76 81 10.36566/ijhsrd/Vol4.Iss2/134 Sanitation And Temperature Factors Related To Existence Of Cockroach And Rats Vectors On Passenger Ship In Kendari City Port https://ijhsrd.com/index.php/ijhsrd/article/view/132 <p><strong>Objectives</strong>: Ship arrival and departure activities have an important influence on the transmission of various vectors which have the potential to infect the ship's crew and passengers. This study aims to determine the factors associated with the presence of vectors on passenger ships.</p> <p><strong>Methods:</strong> This type of research is observational. The population is a local passenger ship that anchors at 4 ports in Kendari City, with a population of 44 ships and a sample of 40 ships.with the sampling technique is systematic random sampling.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> The results of the study used the Chi Square test between sanitary conditions and the presence of cockroaches (15.708&gt;3.841), there was a relationship between sanitary conditions and the presence of rats (14.249&gt;3.841), there was a relationship between temperature and the presence of cockroaches (9.724&gt;3.841), there was a relationship between temperature and the presence of rats (7.901&gt;3.841).</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> There were relationship between sanitary conditions and temperature with the presence of cockroach and rat vectors on passenger ships mooring at the Port of Kendari City. Therefore it is necessary to increase the sanitary conditions and temperature in the room.</p> Eka Dharma Marhanto Anry Hariadhin Depu Copyright (c) 2022 INDONESIAN JOURNAL OF HEALTH SCIENCES RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT (IJHSRD) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2022-12-26 2022-12-26 4 2 57 69 10.36566/ijhsrd/Vol4.Iss2/132 Utilization Of Antibiotics In Patients With Urinary Tract Infections https://ijhsrd.com/index.php/ijhsrd/article/view/130 <p><strong>Objectives:</strong> This study aims to investigate the utilization of antibiotics among the patients attending in Silverline Hospital, Lekhnath Marg, Balaju, Kathmandu-44600, Nepal.</p> <p><strong>Methods</strong>: A hospital based cross sectional study was conducted in between June to September, 2022. A standard questionnaire was prepared, to conduct the survey based on patient’s demographic data such as which utilization of drug, age, gender, therapy and medication.</p> <p><strong>Results</strong>: Out of 111 patients, antibiotics Levofloxacin is highly prescribed to the patients. It is prescribed to 92 (82.90%) people. Cefixime is prescribed for 37 (41.07%) people, Ciprofloxacin is prescribed for 29 (26.12%) patients, Ofloxacin is prescribed for 5 (4.5%) and Nitrofurantoin is prescribed for least for number of people and it is prescribed for 4 (3.6%) patients.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> Fluroquinolones and Cephalosporins were the most commonly prescribed antibiotics in this study. Culture sensitivity test was carried out only in a limited number of cases, and present findings together with previous ones are suggestive of the need for periodic monitoring of antibiotic sensitivity pattern of the bacterial isolates to provide effective treatment and thereby to make it more cost effective particularly in the developing countries like Nepal. The continuous monitoring and reporting of prescribing pattern of antibiotics will surely help the physicians for effective treatment.</p> Usha Panta Copyright (c) 2022 INDONESIAN JOURNAL OF HEALTH SCIENCES RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT (IJHSRD) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2022-12-26 2022-12-26 4 2 38 48 10.36566/ijhsrd/Vol4.Iss2/130 Factors Affecting The Quality of Life of Diabetes Mellitus Type 2 Patients: Literature Review https://ijhsrd.com/index.php/ijhsrd/article/view/128 <p><strong>Objectives</strong>: Patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) had experienced physical and psychological complications that affect their daily life, and contribute to poor the quality of life. This study aims to determine the factors that affect the quality of life of people withT2DM based on the SF-36 questionnaire, to improve the factors that can be changed to improve the quality of life of people with T2DM.</p> <p><strong>Methods:</strong> This literature review search from 3 databases used including google scholar, PubMed, and the garuda portal with the year of publication of the article in 2015-2021. Some of the literature states similar factors that affect the quality of life of people with T2DM..</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> Factors that affect the quality of life of people with T2DM, include age, gender, education, complications, and duration of diabetes. Influence is given aspect or the overall value of quality of life</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> The education factor can be improved with the intervention given by peers, so that they can manage T2DM well, and have an impact on improving the quality of life of T2DM patients.</p> Rifdatun Nurul Huwaidah Hasan Fahmi Candra Bumi Christyana Sandra Copyright (c) 2022 INDONESIAN JOURNAL OF HEALTH SCIENCES RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT (IJHSRD) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2022-12-26 2022-12-26 4 2 1 11 10.36566/ijhsrd/Vol4.Iss2/128 An Analysis Of Employee Knowledge With A Safety Behavior Approach In Kendari Ocean Fisheries Industrial Area https://ijhsrd.com/index.php/ijhsrd/article/view/135 <p><strong>Objectives:</strong> Development in Indonesia is so rapid in various fields, including the industrial sector, services, property, mining, transportation, and others. However, behind this progress there is a price that must be paid by the people of Indonesia, namely the negative impact it causes in the form of disasters, accidents, pollution, and occupational diseases that result in thousands of people being injured every year.</p> <p><strong>Methods:</strong> This study uses a mixed method. The population in this study was selected from 3 companies using the random sampling method, namely, selecting subjects from the target sub-population using a random procedure so that the number obtained was 488 people, with a total sample of 83 people.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> The results obtained indicate that there is a relationship between knowledge and safety behavior in the Kendari Ocean Fishing Port Industrial Area, with a calculated X<sup>2</sup> value of 16,419.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> Management needs to increase positive reinforcer factors, for example, by giving awards in the form of praise, gifts, promotions, and so on, because behavior change tends to be easier if individuals benefit from changing their behavior.</p> Noviati Noviati Abdul Rahim Sya`ban Toto Surianto S Copyright (c) 2022 INDONESIAN JOURNAL OF HEALTH SCIENCES RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT (IJHSRD) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2022-12-26 2022-12-26 4 2 82 86 10.36566/ijhsrd/Vol4.Iss2/135 Explaining Causes Of Inequity In Public Health : A Narrative Review https://ijhsrd.com/index.php/ijhsrd/article/view/133 <p><strong>Objectives:</strong> This paper attempts to explain the term inequity in public health based on The Rainbow Model introduced by Dahlgreen &amp; Whitehead (1991) and The Social determinant of Health (SDH) framework of the Commision of Social Determinants of Health).</p> <p><strong>Methods:</strong> The author applied a narrative review and examined 29 relevant English literatures and found two themes.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> First, Explanation of The Rainbow Model’ introduced by Dahlgreen &amp; Whitehead (1991) and The SDH framework of the Commision of Social Determinants of Health. Second, the perspective of traditional public health emphasizes the proximal determinants while New Public health emphasis on intermediate determinants and distal determinants.</p> <p><strong>Conclusions: </strong>Therefore, as a public health professional need to consider about proximal, intermediate and distal determinant of public health issue.</p> Afrona Elisabeth Lelan Takaeb Copyright (c) 2022 INDONESIAN JOURNAL OF HEALTH SCIENCES RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT (IJHSRD) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2022-12-26 2022-12-26 4 2 70 75 10.36566/ijhsrd/Vol4.Iss2/133