INDONESIAN JOURNAL OF HEALTH SCIENCES RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT (IJHSRD) <p>Indonesian journal of health sciences research and development is a double blind peer reviewed international journal. The frequency is monthly from 2019. It deals with all aspects of health sciences including Community Medicine, Public Health, Epidemiology, Occupational Health, Environmental Hazards, Clinical Research, and Public Health Laws, pharmacology biotechnology, health instruments, nursing, clinical psychology and covers all medical specialties concerned with research and development for the masses. The journal strongly encourages reports of research carried out within Indonesian continent and South East Asia.</p> STIKes Mandala Waluya Kendari en-US INDONESIAN JOURNAL OF HEALTH SCIENCES RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT (IJHSRD) 2715-4718 <p><strong>Copyright Rights &amp; Permissions Guide</strong></p> <p><strong>Reproducing Published Material from other Publishers</strong></p> <p>It is absolutely essential that authors obtain permission to reproduce any published material (figures, schemes, tables or any extract of a text) which does not fall into the public domain, or for which they do not hold the copyright. Permission should be requested by the authors from the copyright holder (usually the Publisher, please refer to the imprint of the individual publications to identify the copyright holder).</p> <p>Permission&nbsp;<strong>is required</strong>&nbsp;for:</p> <ol> <li>Your own works published by other Publishers and for which you did not retain copyright.</li> <li>Substantial extracts from anyones’ works or a series of works.</li> <li>Use of Tables, Graphs, Charts, Schemes and Artworks if they are unaltered or slightly modified.</li> <li>Photographs for which you do not hold copyright.</li> </ol> <p>Permission&nbsp;<strong>is not required</strong>&nbsp;for:</p> <ol> <li>Reconstruction of your&nbsp;<em>own</em>&nbsp;table with data already published elsewhere. Please notice that in this case you must cite the source of the data in the form of either “Data from…” or “Adapted from…”.</li> <li>Reasonably short quotes are considered&nbsp;<em>fair use</em>&nbsp;and therefore do not require permission.</li> <li>Graphs, Charts, Schemes and Artworks that are completely redrawn by the authors and significantly changed beyond recognition do not require permission.</li> </ol> <p><strong>Obtaining Permission</strong></p> <p>In order to avoid unnecessary delays in the publication process, you should start obtaining permissions as early as possible. If in any doubt about the copyright, apply for permission. JNH cannot publish material from other publications without permission.</p> <p>The copyright holder may give you instructions on the form of acknowledgement to be followed; otherwise follow the style: “Reproduced with permission from [author], [book/journal title]; published by [publisher], [year].’ at the end of the caption of the Table, Figure or Scheme.</p> <p>Every mansucript should be accompanied by "Copyright Transfer Agreement" prior to the article publication</p> THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN DIET PATTERNS AND HYPERTENSION EVENTS IN POLARA PUBLIC HEALTH CENTER IN KONAWE ISLANDS DISTRICT <p><strong>Background:</strong> Hypertension is a non-communicable disease that is still a health problem in the work area of the Polara Health Center since 2018 until now in 2020. Hypertension has increased in cases in the last three years. In 2018 8 146 cases of hypertension then increased to 154 cases in 2019 and decreased in 2020. The results of the initial survey showed that 70% of hypertensive patients had unhealthy eating patterns such as consuming fast food containing preservatives, too high salt content in food, excess fat consumption. This study aims to determine the relationship between diet and the incidence of hypertension in the Polara Health Center Work Area ,Konawe Islands Regency.</p> <p><strong>Methods:</strong> This research uses analytical research method with <em>Cross Sectional Study approach. </em>The population in this study were all outpatients seeking treatment at the Polara Public Health Center for the period January to February 2021 totaling 268 people, with a total sample of 73 people selected by simple random sampling technique.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> The results showed that 43.8% of respondents who have a poor diet and have hypertension ,9.6% who do not have hypertension. Then there are 13.7% of respondents who have a good diet but have hypertension ,32.9% who do not have hypertension. The results of statistical tests using the chi square test obtained a p-value of 0.000 and a coefficient of Phi (φ) = 0.531, so the null hypothesis was rejected, meaning that there was a moderate relationship between diet and the incidence of hypertension at Polara Health Center, Konawe Islands Regency.</p> <p><strong>Conclusions:</strong> diet has significant impact to hypertension at Polara Health Center, Konawe Islands Regency.</p> La Djabo Buton Fitri Fadmi Copyright (c) 2022 INDONESIAN JOURNAL OF HEALTH SCIENCES RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT (IJHSRD) 2022-06-25 2022-06-25 4 1 58 62 10.36566/ijhsrd/Vol4.Iss1/126 PSYCHOLOGICAL DYNAMICS OF WOMEN WITH THE FIRST PREGNANCY WORKING IN WANDER <p><strong>Background</strong><strong>:</strong> Pregnancy is one of the important phases that will be later by women in general. The presence of prospective children also brings up feelings of happiness especially if always accompanied by family. However different things happen when pregnant women have to work and wander. The goal of the study was to understand the psychological dynamics in women with first pregnancies and work in wander.</p> <p><strong>Methods:</strong> This study used qualitative methods with phenomenological approaches. Participants in this study were 2 women with the first pregnancy who worked in wander. The data collection techniques used are in-depth observations and interviews.</p> <p><strong>Result:.</strong> This study produced 7 major themes including: 1) Physical and psychological conditions when positively pregnant; 2) Problems during pregnancy; 3) Work environment; 4). Relationships with family; 5) Relationship with husband; 6) Coping during pregnancy; 7) Hope during pregnancy and welcome the birth of the first child.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong>Psychologically pregnant women feel anxiety, worry and stress. Physically there are changes from easily tired, nausea, changes in body shape and sleep disorders appear. Socially, there has been no significant change.</p> Wisnu Catur Bayu Pati Sri Yuliatin Dian Mardi Yani Copyright (c) 2022 INDONESIAN JOURNAL OF HEALTH SCIENCES RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT (IJHSRD) 2022-06-25 2022-06-25 4 1 41 46 10.36566/ijhsrd/Vol4.Iss1/124 THE EFFECT OF HEALTH PROMOTION USING BOOKLET MEDIA ON THE LEVEL OF PUBLIC KNOWLEDGE ABOUT SEWERAGE WASTE WATER IN COASTAL AREAS SAMAJAYA VILLAGE <p><strong>Background</strong><strong>:</strong> The availability of sewerage was still a problem for people living in the coastal area of Samajaya Village. Where, the sewerage that met the requirements is only 58.33% in Samajaya village. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of health promotion using booklet media on the level of public knowledge about sewerage in the coastal area of Samajaya village.</p> <p><strong>Methods: </strong>This study used the pre-experimental method with One Group Pre-test and Post-test Design. The population in this study were 131 heads of families in the village of Samajaya. Where, the sample size were 99 heads of families taken by simple random sampling. Data analysis used the Wilcoxon Sign Rank Test.</p> <p><strong>Result</strong><strong>s</strong><strong>: </strong>The results of this study showed that there were 9 respondents with less knowledge 9.1%, and 90.9% sufficient during pre-test and post-test there were 13.1% with less knowledge and 86.9% with sufficient knowledge. The average value of respondents' knowledge was 7.44% ± SD.1.327. After being given a health promotion with a booklet about sewerage drainage, his knowledge increased on average 8.81% ± SD.1.639. The results of this study indicated that there were significant effect of health promotion with booklets on knowledge about sewerage in Samajaya village (p&lt;0.0001).</p> <p><strong>Conclusion: </strong>health promotion with booklets is very effective in increasing community knowledge in Samanjaya village. Increasing public knowledge about sewerage is hoped that it will influence attitudes and actions to improve the sewerage according to health standards.</p> Tasnim Tasnim Ade Saputra Copyright (c) 2022 INDONESIAN JOURNAL OF HEALTH SCIENCES RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT (IJHSRD) 2022-06-25 2022-06-25 4 1 26 33 10.36566/ijhsrd/Vol4.Iss1/122 THE THE EFFECT OF ABDOMINAL STRETCHING EXERCISE ON DECREASING THE PAIN INTENSITY OF DYSMENORRHEA IN NURSING DEPARTMENT STUDENTS IN STIKES MANDALA WALUYA KENDARI <p><strong>Background:</strong> This study was conducted on an initial survey by interviewing ten female students who experienced dysmenorrhea. Five of them reported their pain, although they could still carry out daily activities. Fourof themsaid the pain was in the lower abdomen, radiated to the back, and needed medication to relieve pain. At least their daily activities were not disturbed.One of them said in crying because of pain and could not get up or experienced a decreased range of consciousness, so she could not carry out daily activities even though she was taking medication to reduce pain intensity. Therefore, this study aimed to determine the effect of abdominal stretching exercises on reducing the power of dysmenorrhea pain in nursing department students.</p> <p><strong>Methods:</strong> The type of research used is pre-experimental with one group Pre-test Post-test design, namely analysis that uses one group of subjects. The population in this study was 289 female students, with a sampling technique using purposive sampling with 31 respondents. The analysis method uses a non-parametric statistical test, namely the Wilcoxon sign rank test, using a significant level of 0.1.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> Based on the statistical results, the value of the Wilcoxon test for reducing the pain intensity of dysmenorrhea in female students showed 0.000. It means that the significance value is less than 0.1 so that the hypothesis in this study is accepted. This implies that abdominal stretching exercise could decrease the intensity of dysmenorrhea pain in nursing department students in Stikes Mandala Waluya Kendari.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> It is hoped that female students who experience dysmenorrhea prioritize non-pharmacological interventions to relieve pain.</p> Asri Dwi Novianti Ida Angresti Copyright (c) 2022 INDONESIAN JOURNAL OF HEALTH SCIENCES RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT (IJHSRD) 2022-06-25 2022-06-25 4 1 14 20 10.36566/ijhsrd/Vol4.Iss1/119 THE STRATEGY TO INCREASE THE COVERAGE OF HIV TESTING AMONG ADOLESCENT: A SYSTEMATICAL LITERATURE REVIEW TO SEEK EFFECTIVE INTERVENTION <p><strong>Background</strong><strong>:</strong> HIV testing programs have not been able to reach all populations at risk of HIV transmission. Lodging in adolescents vulnerable to HIV, program coverage is low. The purpose of this article is to identify various models of effective interventions that can improve the coverage of HIV testing among adolescents.</p> <p><strong>Methods:</strong> This study is a systematic literature review with a time frame from 2011 to the present, with a geographical reach across the country. Rate the quality of the research methodology conducted by several components of the assessment indicators.</p> <p><strong>Results</strong>: By keyword intervention strategies, increase coverage of HIV testing and adolescents 2343 articles obtained from a number of online journals database. Screening with inclusion criteria yielded 94 articles, and by exclusion criteria obtained 13 articles. Generally, coverage of HIV testing interventions in adolescents at increased each strategy. Community-based strategies appear to be more effective based on WHO standards, with coverage achieved around 80%, compared to health facility-based strategies with an average coverage of around 50%. HIV positive number reached 16% of health facilities. While the value of the highest achievements in community based around 12%.</p> <p><strong>Conclussions</strong>:Community-based intervention is better to reach teens, but the community component must collaborate well with the ease of access to health facilities for HIV testing services. Development interventions in adolescents need to be equipped with a research method that can provide a strong evidens about the effectiveness of coverage of HIV testing among adolescents. Such research is not yet performed in Indonesia.</p> Yunita Amraeni Copyright (c) 2022 INDONESIAN JOURNAL OF HEALTH SCIENCES RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT (IJHSRD) 2022-06-25 2022-06-25 4 1 47 57 10.36566/ijhsrd/Vol4.Iss1/125 KNOWLEDGE AND ATTITUDE TOWARDS EXPRESSED BREAST MILK AMONG WORKING MOTHERS IN HARARI REGIONAL STATE, ETHIOPIA, 2021 <p><strong>Background</strong><strong>:</strong> World health organization (WHO) rules in the beginning six month the child should be given breast milkonly, so mothers coming back to work should have a good knowledge about appropriate expression of breast milk. The main goal of the research was to determine knowledge and attitude toward expressed breast milk among working mothers in Harari region, Ethiopia, 2021</p> <p><strong>Methods:</strong>A cross-sectional study was done on 385 employed mothers for analysis of data SPSS 22 used.</p> <p><strong>Results</strong>: Over all knowledge and attitude about expressed breast milk were 36% and 44%respectivly.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion</strong>: the study showed there was knowledge gap in the expressing and storing of breast milk. More exertion is essential to be done by the health professionals ineducating mothers on way of expression, storing and timings of storage of expressed breast milk of breast.</p> Arif Hussen Jamie Elias Sertse Gebremedhin Copyright (c) 2022 INDONESIAN JOURNAL OF HEALTH SCIENCES RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT (IJHSRD) 2022-06-25 2022-06-25 4 1 34 40 10.36566/ijhsrd/Vol4.Iss1/123 HORTICULTURAL THERAPY REDUCES STRESS IN ELDERLY GRIEVING IN THE MUNA ISLANDS, INDONESIA <p><strong>Background:</strong> Horticultural therapy is a process through planting, gardening activities, and closeness to nature used as a medium in therapy and rehabilitation programs. Data on the number of older adults in the Muna archipelago in 2018, there are 59 elderly where among them, there are 25 older adults who are suffering from the death of a life partner. Preliminary studies that have been conducted on grieving older people obtained information that they feel grieved because of the loss of a spouse or loss of children so that they think excessive loss causes no enthusiasm in continuing their life that it causes a lazy attitude to eating, lazy to move to hunt for mental tranquility. This study aimed to determine the effect of providing horticultural therapy to reduce stress in the elderly due to grieving in the Muna Islands.</p> <p><strong>Methods</strong>: This type of research is analytic, with a Quasi-experimental research design, with data collection methods using pre-test and post-test control group design techniques, with a total population of 25 people and a sample of 20 respondents consisting of 2 groups: the intervention group and the control group, then the data obtained were analyzed using the Paired T-test.</p> <p><strong>Results</strong>: The results showed a significant effect of using horticultural therapy on reducing the stress experienced by the elderly who were grieving, where statistical analysis showed a significance value of 0.001 &lt; 0.05, t value = 4.595 &gt;1,383.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> Horticultural therapy reduces the stress experienced by the elderly who are grieving. Through horticultural therapy, grieving elderly divert their sense of loss in farming activities or plant cultivation activities.</p> Ratna Umi Nurlila Jumarddin La Fua Copyright (c) 2022 INDONESIAN JOURNAL OF HEALTH SCIENCES RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT (IJHSRD) 2022-06-25 2022-06-25 4 1 21 25 10.36566/ijhsrd/Vol4.Iss1/120 Awareness and Predominance of Blue Light Related Visual Problems Among Undergraduate Medical Students <p><strong>Background</strong>:As students spend more time for online class sessions by using computer, they get more prone toblue light exposure.Visual problems among the university students can have an adverse impact on their educational and employment opportunities.The aim of this study is to investigate the blue light exposure and visual problems among the undergraduate university students.</p> <p><strong>Methods:</strong>A cross-sectional study was carried out in a private medical school in the Kedah state, Malaysia. Total of 200 students from pre-clinical years were taken as sample by convenient sampling method.A self-administered structured questionnaire was used, and the data were computerized and analysed by using IBM SPSS Statistics Version 22.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> The prevalence of refractive error was 66.6% and the highest problem was short sightedness with astigmatism. Sufficient awareness towards eye problems was noticed among the respondents. More than 90% of the students showed satisfactory knowledge related to the harmful effects of blue light.Dry eyes and recent headache were associated to fluorescent light. Recent visual complaints were depending on computer exposure whilerecent headache was related to mobile use. Worsening of eye problems and computer or projector exposure were found to be associated.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> Our study highlights the constrained awareness among novice medical students regarding ocular health. We carefully discerned the pattern of blue light exposure and the prevalence of ocular symptoms and refractive errors in the studied population. Recommendations for further research that can help improve eye health were suggested.</p> Prabal Bhargava Theingi Maung Maung Chong Phei Shan Christina Chong Kai Thing Diong Jing Loo Gloria Philip Kee Chin Hui Christina Gellknight Copyright (c) 2022 INDONESIAN JOURNAL OF HEALTH SCIENCES RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT (IJHSRD) 2022-06-25 2022-06-25 4 1 1 13 10.36566/ijhsrd/Vol4.Iss1/118